Applied Behavior Analysis Therapy (ABA)

What is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy for Autism and How Does it Work?. 

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapy is a treatment method that uses the principles of behaviorism to improve specific behaviors in individuals with autism or other developmental disabilities. The goal of ABA therapy is to increase desirable behaviors and decrease undesirable behaviors in order to improve the individual’s overall functioning and quality of life.

ABA therapy is based on the idea that all behavior is learned, and that it is possible to teach new skills and change existing behaviors through reinforcement and other techniques. ABA therapy focuses on the specific environment and triggers that affect a person’s behavior, and uses this information to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to the individual’s needs.

ABA therapy is typically delivered by trained professionals, such as certified behavior analysts, who use a variety of techniques to teach new skills and improve existing ones. These techniques may include:

  • Positive reinforcement: Rewarding desired behaviors with things that the individual enjoys, such as praise, toys, or food.
  • Discrete trial training: Breaking a skill down into smaller steps and teaching each step individually, using reinforcement to encourage the individual to complete each step.
  • Verbal behavior: Teaching the individual to use words and other forms of communication to request things, express needs, and engage in social interactions.
  • Fluency building: Teaching the individual to complete a skill with increasing speed and accuracy over time.
  • Social skills training: Teaching the individual how to interact appropriately with others and engage in social activities.
  • Adaptive skills training: Teaching the individual basic life skills, such as dressing, bathing, and eating.
  • Parent training: Teaching parents and caregivers how to use ABA techniques and strategies to support the individual’s progress at home.

ABA therapy can be conducted in a variety of settings, including in the home, at school, or in a clinical setting. It is typically provided on a consistent basis, with the frequency and duration of sessions based on the individual’s needs and progress.